Co-owning Property – How to protect your share

Posted By: on 23rd November 2018 | Category: property

The modern world is a complicated place and nowadays family structures can be based on a multitude of different models. Gone are the days when only a husband and wife held a property jointly together. We are seeing the rise of co-ownership between friends and families in greater numbers than ever before. Many bring different amounts to the purchase and some purchases are for shorter or longer periods.

How, then, to protect each person’s share in the property? It’s a difficult problem.

The solution: a Declaration of Trust.

When a property is purchased or transferred into more than one name the joint owners hold the property as Trustees. In the traditional model they would hold it on trust for themselves in equal shares but this is not always the case.

If this is not the case it is important to have an agreement in a Declaration of Trust setting out the respective shares which will avoid the problems of a resulting trust or a constructive trust in the event of one party wanting to sell his/her share or on separation or death. Disputes over shares in a property in those circumstances can be costly, time-consuming and draining which can be avoided if a properly thought through Declaration of Trust is entered into by the parties when the property is acquired.

Different financial contributions by the parties have to be agreed either as a percentage of the value of the property or as a return of the amount paid and the remainder to be divided, after repayment of any mortgage, in proportions agreed by the parties.

If these terms are not agreed at the outset disputes can easily arise in the event of one party wanting to sell his/her share or on separation or death. A Declaration of Trust can also agree the framework and procedure for one party to buy out another’s share in these circumstances which provides clarity and certainty at a difficult time. If this is not in place the result is often anxiety and tension and possible court proceedings if agreement cannot be reached.

A property purchase is normally a person’s biggest investment. The cost of a Declaration of Trust when a property is purchased in joint names where contributions are not equal is a relatively small price to provide clarity and certainty and avoid costly disputes over each party’s share.

For further information contact Catherine Fromant, solicitor at Coole Bevis on 01273 322817 or by email or call 01273 722532 or email to set up a consultation.


Brighton Solicitors

Lanes End House,
15 Prince Albert Street,
Brighton BN1 1HY
t. +44 (0)1273 323231
f. +44 (0)1273 820350

Horsham Solicitors

14 Carfax,
West Sussex RH12 1DZ
t. +44 (0)1403 210200
f. +44 (0)1403 241275

Hove Solicitors

79 Church Road,
East Sussex BN3 2BB
t. +44 (0)1273 722532
f. +44 (0)1273 326347

Worthing Solicitors

5 The Steyne,
West Sussex BN11 3DT
t. +44 (0)1903 213511
f. +44 (0)1903 237053